The ECOSTRESS installed at the International Space Station (ECOsystem Spaceborne Thermal Radiometer Experiment on Space Station), a thermal radiation sensor, has enabled thermal imaging of the Amazon rainforest fire between Brazil and Bolivia on August 28.
The red color of this image is from parts of eastern Bolivia and northern Brazil, where it exceeds the sensitivity of the ECOSTRESS (roughly 220 degrees Fahrenheit or 104 degrees Celsius) and highlights the burning areas along the flames.
Dark smoke is present in dark areas, and they indicate that the thickness of the smoke is high enough to cause most of the fire to disappear.
While the main function of the osteoarthrosis is research from the International Space Station, such as temperature measurements of plants, it can also detect other phenomena related to thermal radiation, such as volcanoes.
Due to the geostationary orbit of the International Space Station, the ECOSTRESS system is able to capture images of the same region (at different times of flight) at the same time, rather than covering all areas during the day, like satellites in other orbits. This is especially important in cloud-covered areas such as the Amazon for most of the year.
The ECOSTRESS sensing system was launched to the International Space Station on June 29, 2018. NASA’s Jet Research Laboratory in Pasadena, California, and NASA’s headquarters in Washington, USA, manage the administration and management of the ECOSTRESS system on behalf of the International Space Station.